In India, about 20-30% of pregnancies belong to the high-risk category. However, early detection and effective management can lead to a substantial reduction or adverse fetal and maternal outcomes, according to an article by the National Health Portal. The condition is caused due a number of reasons like high HIV, high blood pressure and diabetes. It can also be due to obesity which increases the risk of stillbirth, neural tube defects and preeclampsia. Another major risk factor is multiple births which can cause preterm birth and labour.
The good news is that special care from the best gynaecologist in Delhi can ensure the best possible outcomes. This includes maternal, neonatal and obstetric aspects. Further, women with high-risk pregnancy are recommended to consider a healthy diet packed with loads of fruits, vegetables and lean meats. Primary care is extremely necessary since about 15% of all pregnant women anyway might develop life-threatening conditions.
Nutritious food is one of the essential elements which can keep you healthy and give the baby the best start to life.
This is a rich source of amino acids which are effective in building cells in the baby’s body. Lean meat is also packed with protein. This is helpful in the growth and repair of new tissues, creating anti-bodies and producing hormones. High protein foods also keep your hunger down by stabilizing blood sugar. Lastly, meat is also high in iron which develops the red blood cells of both mother and child. Pair beef, pork or chicken with Vitamin C rich foods like tomatoes or bell peppers to improve absorption power too.
About 3-4 servings of any dairy product can ensure the necessary calcium required for both the mother and the unborn. So, include milk, cheese and yogurt which contain two types of proteins, casein and whey, according to an article by Healthline. They are also packed with zinc, magnesium and phosphorus which are vital for fetal growth.
However, if you are lactose intolerant, consult the nutritionist and the best gynaecologist in Delhi for an alternative. Most likely, you will be suggested probiotic yogurt in the form of smoothie.
These contain good amounts of protein and zinc which are essentials for muscle growth and development of the baby. Lentils are also rich in Vitamin B folate which is necessary for the baby’s nervous system and brain. They are also high in fiber which helps to combat constipation which, when serious, can cause rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids. Lastly, mothers with high-risk pregnancy can also consider lentils for their daily dose of potassium and Vitamin B5.
These are the ultimate health food since they contain fat, amino acids calories, high-quality protein and tons of vitamins and minerals. For a quick and tasty meal, prepare omelets with lots of chopped vegetables and cheese, according to an article by Parents.com. In fact, eggs can also fulfill the choline requirement, which is crucial for infant brain and memory development. It can also protect the baby from adverse impacts in case of maternal infections.
Spinach and kale contain everything from calcium and fiber to potassium and folate. Further, these are also filled with Vitamin C, K and A. Altogether; these can reduce the risks of low birth weight which is a major complication in high-risk pregnancy. Vegetables like broccoli are also useful since they contain disease-fighting antioxidants. Make sure to add lots of collard, dandelion leaves, and asparagus to your diet too.
Apart from these mandatory foods, consider bananas, fish liver oil, oatmeal, cheese, nuts and butter. Further, doctors at top maternity hospitals in Delhi suggest avoiding raw milk and eggs, processed meat and caffeine for a healthy and safe pregnancy.